Conservation & Biodiversity
Eastern Africa is blessed with unique lakes, rivers and wetlands – some of those are biodiversity hot-spots of global importance and many organisms are still waiting to be discovered. Rather limited is the availability of reliable information on the status, distribution and ecological requirements of freshwater organisms for planning and decision-making processes in conservation and water resource management. Based on the current data available, 21% of freshwater species in Africa are recorded as threatened (Darwall et al., 2011), 45% of freshwater fish and 58% of freshwater plants are over-harvested (IUCN, 2014). The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its Aichi Biodiversity Targets adopted under the Convention on Biological Diversity are setting the global framework for priority actions on biodiversity. The 2030 Agenda and the Strategic Plan are mutually supportive and reinforcing each other, therefore biodiversity and ecosystems feature prominently across many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and associated targets. The Agenda 2063 of the African Union and national policies of Eastern African countries include as priority areas: biodiversity conservation, genetic resources and ecosystems; sustainable natural resource management; sustainable consumption and production patterns; water security and climate resilience.